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Jupyter Notebook Workflow

The Jupyter Notebook is an open-source web application that allows creating and sharing documents that contain live code, equations, visualizations and narrative text. Uses include: data cleaning and transformation, numerical simulation, statistical modeling, data visualization, machine learning, and much more. Visit for more information.

Starting a Jupyter server instance

To launch a Jupyter instance on the Slurm cluster, first log into a Slurm submission node:

ssh shellhost

Next, either create a conda environment with the package notebook from the channel conda-forge or install the package in an existing environment.

conda create -n myproject -c conda-forge notebook
conda activate myproject

The Jupyter startup command can now be submitted to Slurm. Here is a minimal example of an sbatch script called which launches Jupyter on a worker node with 8 allocated CPU cores and an 8-hour deadline:

$ cat
#!/usr/bin/env bash

#SBATCH --time 08:00:00
#SBATCH --cpus-per-task=8

jupyter notebook --ip --no-browser

Submit the job and follow the output:

$ sbatch
Submitted batch job 1234
$ tail -F slurm-1234.out

The hostname, port number and authorization token are displayed upon startup. For example:

[I 06:30:19.290 NotebookApp] Serving notebooks from local directory: /homes/jan
[I 06:30:19.290 NotebookApp] Jupyter Notebook 6.4.5 is running at:
[I 06:30:19.290 NotebookApp]       ?token=d6e1289f41b1433b557c06dd78c9d716180dc2a8ea61e8a9
[I 06:30:19.290 NotebookApp]  or       ?token=d6e1289f41b1433b557c06dd78c9d716180dc2a8ea61e8a9
[I 06:30:19.290 NotebookApp] Use Control-C to stop this server and shut down all kernels (twice    to     skip confirmation).
[C 06:30:19.296 NotebookApp]

   To access the notebook, open this file in a browser:
   Or copy and paste one of these URLs:

The output above contains the following information:

  • The hostname of the worker node: g1-7.
  • The port number: 8888.
  • The authorization token: d6e1289f41b1433b557c06dd78c9d716180dc2a8ea61e8a9.

Connecting to the remote Jupyter server

From a browser on the local machine

Worker nodes in the cluster are not exposed to the internet. In order to reach a cluster node from a local browser, an SSH tunnel through the login node must be launched. Open a terminal and execute the following command, replacing the hostname and port number from the example with the actual values:

ssh -N -L 8888:g1-7:8888 ikim

This command creates an SSH tunnel such that all traffic to localhost:8888 passes through the host ikim and reaches the destination g1-7:8888. The terminal will simply hang, indicating that the tunnel has been created.

Open a browser and paste the URL provided by Jupyter. Since the traffic needs to flow through the tunnel, replace the target host with localhost:


The Jupyter landing page should appear:

Jupyter home

To verify that the notebook is running on the remote host and within the conda environment:

Jupyter home

From Visual Studio Code

Connect to a Slurm submission node as described in Connect to a remote host. When prompted for the target host, type shellhost. From there, connect to the Jupyter server as described in Connect to a remote Jupyter server. When prompted for the URL, simply copy and paste the URL displayed in the output from jupyter notebook. As opposed to the browser method, in this case the connection originates from inside the cluster and there's no need to set up port forwarding.